An old mosque in Rasht, 1886.
An old mosque in Rasht

Rasht
رشت
About Rasht
Country Iran or persian, pars, fars, prespolis
Province Gilan or Guilan
Population 560,123

Notables of Rasht

  • Prof. Majid Samii
  • Ebrahim Poordavood (Born in 1885)
  • Mīrzā Kūchak Khān
  • Hushang Ebtehaj
  • Ghadir Andalib
  • Marjane Satrapi
  • Aydin Aghdashloo (Born, 1940)
  • Prof. Fazlollah Reza
  • Mahmoud Namjoo
  • Mohammad Moin
  • Arsen Minasian
  • Ardeshir Mohassess
  • Prof. Akbar Zadeh
  • Prof. Nasiri
  • Dr. Moien (Astaneh, a city near Rasht)
  • Sheevan Foumani
  • Prof. Ardeshiri

External links and Sources

Other usefull links

Rasht رشت  Iranian Links

Rasht ( رشت in Persian, also transcribed as Resht) is the capital of Gilan province in northwestern Iran. It is a major trade center between Caucasia, Russia and Iran using the port of Bandar-e Anzali. Rasht is also a major tourist center. Rasht had an estimated population of 560,123 in 2005.

Language

Gileki is spoken by more than 3 million people. The vast majority of the speakers live in the Gilan Province of Iran. Gileki belongs to the northwestern branch of the Iranian languages. The Iranian languages form a top-level constituent of the Indo-European language family. It is closely related to Mazanderani and is subdivided into two main dialects: Bie-pas and Bie-pish. Bie-pas dialect is mainly spoken in west of Sefidrud including Rasht and Fuman while Bie-pish dialect belongs to eastern part of Gilan including Lahijan and Langrud.

Gileki is an oral language and has no official status in Iran.

Perhaps the word Rasht is derived from the name of Rostam, who slayed the "white demon" in the present-day province of Mazandaran.

People and culture

The people speak Gileki, Persian, Taleshi.

Food

Gilan has its special Foods, a list of gilaky food recipte can be found by Lakoo.

History

Rasht was first mentioned in historical documents in 682 CE, but it is certainly older than this. It has seen the Sassanid era, the armies of Peter the Great and later Russian rulers, and British colonialism. The people of Rasht also played a major role in the Constitutional Revolution of Iran.Rasht is well and interesting for tourism

Timeline

  • 682: Rasht is first mentioned in historical documents
  • 1669: Stenka Razin, a Cossack warlord, plundered the city
  • 1722 - 1734: occupied by Peter the Great during the Russo-Persian War, 1722-1723
  • 1901: a major epidemic plague devastates the city.
  • 1917 - 1920: The Russian and British armed forces fight in the port city of Bandar-e Anzali and Rasht. The British retreat and the Russians occupy the area. In 1920 Bolshevik Russians set a great fire in the bazaar, causing many citizens to go into temporary exile.
  • 1937: a revolt, sparked by the desire to collect a "road tax" from the Russians, was suppressed
  • 1977: Rasht University established

Suburbs

    Chomarsara, Golsar, Hamidian, Karfabad, Kharemam, Lakaan, Manzariyeh, Noghredasht, Ostadsara, Pirsara, Rashtian, Sagharisazan, Park, Shahr, Takhti, Tazeh Abad

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